Are you interested in gardening? Or preparing for a pandemic and want to start building your own self-sustaining fruits and vegetables?
Then you’re in the right place!
Aeroponics is a plant growing system that allows you to grow your plants by keeping the air moist without the use of soil or any type of medium.
When you create an aeroponics system, the overall main point is to grow your plants by using nothing but air touching the plants combined with the water and nutrient solution.
The entire plant, roots and all, are suspended in the air.
When a plant grows, the roots are the key factor.
Without the soil, the plant doesn’t have to fight to find food and nutrients.
Instead, the water and nutrients get to be placed directly onto the root system.
Thus, allowing the plant to focus on turning their energy strictly onto making the food and growing their crops.
There are two different types of aeroponics: High Pressure Aeroponics and Low Pressure Aeroponics.
High Pressure Aeroponics
This system is newer, but making a quick uprising!
High Pressure Aeroponics systems spray the roots with a nutrient solution at specific times.
By spraying the solution at certain time intervals, you are able to improve the root strength.
Why? Because like I said earlier, the solution is directly hitting the roots and allowing the plants to grow to their genetic capability.
This system uses smaller holes on the spraying system. It basically created a “mist” instead of a “rain” (larger water droplets). The larger water droplets are used in the Low Pressure Aeroponics system, which we will discuss later in this blog.
Here is a video that shows a DIY High Pressure Aeroponics system.
The high pressure system tends to conserve up to 80% of water and nutrients due to the timed intervals of spraying the solution.
Did you know that the High Pressure system was actually revolutionized by NASA? They stated that it was the best way to grow plants in space.
Overall, the high pressure system allows you to grow your plants up to 20% faster, your crops are superior and grow a lot stronger, and you use less water and nutrients than the other systems.
However, there are some disadvantages to using this system.
One disadvantage is that there isn’t a set “spray” or “interval”. The system is still being worked on and studied to see the most efficient way to use intervals and the best type of solution mixture.
Another disadvantage with the High Pressure system is a DIY system that requires a lot of maintenance.
Also, the system must accurately spray the roots with the nutrient solution to achieve the goal. If an error occurs, then your system and results will be irregular.
These systems can often be super expensive and can experience clogged sprayers if not cleaned properly.
Low Pressure Aeroponics
This is the system that most people think about when they talk about aeroponic systems.
Low pressure aeroponic systems have a larger water droplet size.
The water comes from miniature sprinkler heads that produce large water droplets. The Low pressure aeroponic has the pump running 24/7.
This keeps the roots constantly wet with the water and nutrients it needs. Allowing the plants to soak up whatever they need, whenever they need it.
This system is the cheapest system to build out of the aeroponic and hydroponic systems.
Here is a video that demonstrates the Low Pressure Aeroponics.
Why Would you want an Aeroponic Garden?
Aeroponic gardens are great if you want to make an indoor garden. As long as you are able to provide light and nutrients, it is a great hobby to pick up on or a great improvement to your gardening or farming experience.
If you are looking for fast and great quality, the High Pressure Aeroponic is the best choice.
But, if you want the hobby perspective DIY project, the Low Pressure system will do great! Also, they are both still faster than average gardening with soil.
Aeroponics is used in environments where you do not have a lot of space, or access to fertile soil.
You can build the systems vertically, allowing you to save space in your greenhouse room. As long as you make sure that all of your plants have access to the sprayer.
In conclusion, using aeroponics to grow your vegetables, fruits, herbs, etc. is a great way get a higher quality faster.
It’s up to you on which technique you would prefer. If you want hardcore aeroponics where your life depends on it, I would recommend the High Pressure system. This system is also great if you’re advanced in gardening, or if you simply just want the best quality you can get.
If you want a cheaper option, the Low Pressure system will work just fine! You still get great quality, and you’re able to turn it into a DIY project.
If you’re interested in reading more about hydroponics, click here!
If you want to see the difference between aeroponics and hydroponics, click here!