Hydroponics is a type of system used to grow plants faster and more efficiently than standard gardening procedures and techniques.
Unlike standard gardening, hydroponics is a system that doesn’t use soil. Instead, it uses an inert medium, water, and nutrients. This supports the root system, allowing it to grow more freely and stronger.
You do not need soil to grow plants. Plants grow by using photosynthesis, which uses the chlorophyll in their leaves to convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and glucose.
Thus, allowing the plants to grow without needing soil.
Below is a video that takes you through the structure and benefits of a hydroponic system.
The overall purpose of growing hydroponically is that you are able to give your plants exactly what they need whenever they need it. I’ll explain how.
When you assemble the hydroponic system, you have a pump and hose that is allowing the water and nutrient solution to constantly run through the roots.
Since the plants will always have access to the H2O and nutrient solution, they will absorb whatever they need, whenever they need it.
Giving your plants total freedom and power to grow!
What is the Nutrient Solution Made Of?
The nutrient solution is typically made of plant needs that they would get from soil, and other aspects.
Plants typically have macronutrients and micronutrients. Which are nutrients that they need in both large and small amounts. However, both are essential.
For more information on what you need to add to the solution, click here!
Why Would You Want to use Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is great for an environment where you don’t have access to fertile soil, or areas where it is nearly impossible to grow fruits, vegetables, plants, herbs, etc.
Also, the growth rate on a plant grown hydroponically is 30-50% faster than a soil plant when they are grown in the same conditions.
Since there is no soil, the roots are exposed to more oxygen. Allowing them to grow stronger.
Since the plant has to use less energy to find and break down the food and nutrients, it can focus more of its energy on growing the fruit, vegetable, or whatever you chose to to grow and maintain.
What Growing Mediums can you Use?
Using a growing medium is to help support the the growth of the root system. It’s a guide that helps channel the water and nutrients.
The medium that you choose depends on the type of hydroponic system that you use.
For example, for flow type systems, you would want a fast draining medium such as Hydrocorn.
The water runs swiftly, and does not affect the pH of the nutrient solution.
Another medium is Rockwool. Rockwool is popular for these systems because 10-14 times as much water than soil does.
A disadvantage of Rockwool is that it can temper with your pH, since it has a pH of 7.8.Thus, possibly raising the pH of the nutrient solution.
For more information about Hydroponic and Aeroponic systems, check out our blogs!